CRS4

A simulation/optimization study to assess seawater intrusion management strategies for the Gaza Strip coastal aquifer (Palestine)

Marta Dentoni, Roberto Deidda, Claudio Paniconi, Khalid Qahman, Giuditta Lecca
Hydrogeology Journal, Volume onlinefirst, page 1--16 - november 2014
Seawater intrusion is one of the major threats to freshwater resources in coastal areas, often exacerbated by groundwater overexploitation. Mitigation measures are needed to properly manage aquifers, and to restore groundwater quality. This study integrates three computational tools into a unified framework to investigate seawater intrusion in coastal areas and to assess strategies for managing groundwater resources under natural and human-induced stresses. The three components are a three-dimensional hydrogeological model for density-dependent variably saturated flow and miscible salt transport, an automatic calibration procedure that uses state variable outputs from the model to estimate selected model parameters, and an optimization module that couples a genetic algorithm with the simulation model. The computational system is used to rank alternative strategies for mitigation of seawater intrusion, taking into account conflicting objectives and problem constraints. It is applied to the Gaza Strip (Palestine) coastal aquifer to identify a feasible groundwater management strategy for the period 2011–2020. The optimized solution is able to: (1) keep overall future abstraction from municipal groundwater wells close to the user-defined maximum level, (2) increase the average groundwater heads, and (3) lower both the total mass of salt extracted and the extent of the areas affected by seawater intrusion.

BibTex references

@Article{DDPQL14,
  author       = {Dentoni, M. and Deidda, R. and Paniconi, C. and Qahman, K. and Lecca, G.},
  title        = {A simulation/optimization study to assess seawater intrusion management strategies for the Gaza Strip coastal aquifer (Palestine)},
  journal      = {Hydrogeology Journal},
  volume       = {onlinefirst},
  pages        = {1--16},
  month        = {november},
  year         = {2014},
  publisher    = {Springer Berlin Heidelberg},
  note         = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10040-014-1214-1},
  keywords     = {Coastal aquifers, Palestine, Numerical modeling, Automatic calibration, Simulation/optimization (S/O) technique},
  issn         = {1431-2174},
  doi          = {10.1007/s10040-014-1214-1},
  url          = {http://publications.crs4.it/pubdocs/2014/DDPQL14},
}

Other publications in the database

» Marta Dentoni
» Roberto Deidda
» Claudio Paniconi
» Khalid Qahman
» Giuditta Lecca