Mechanically induced self propagating reactions: analysis of reactive substrates and degradation of aromatic sulfonic pollutants

S. Caschili, F. Delogu, Alessandro Concas, Massimo Pisu, Giacomo Cao
Chemosphere - 2006
Mechanochemical reactions have been identified as a valuable alternative to conventional methodologies for the degradation of toxic pollutants as well as for their abatement in contaminated matrices. This paper discusses the application of the mechanochemical technique to the degradation of sulfonic acids in a contaminated matrix. The degradation of the pollutant compound was carried out by taking advantage of combustive reactions on a suitable reactive system ignited under mechanical treatment conditions. Two systems have been investigated as possible reactive substrates. The first one was a Mg-SiO2 powder mixture while the second system was a Ca-SiO2 powder mixture. Milling trials performed under different mechanical processing conditions allowed one to characterize the reactivity of these chemical systems, which basically undergo a reduction/oxidation reaction involving the formation of MgO and Si phases when the Mg-SiO2 system is condidered and CaO and Si phases when the Ca-SiO2 system is employed, respectively. The systematic change of the stoichiometric ratios Mg : SiO2 and Ca: SiO2 permitted to identify the minimum Mg or Ca content necessary for the ignition of the combustive reactions. The experimental runs performed with such systems have shown a greater effectiveness of the Mg-SiO2 because of less energy inputs required to ignite a combustion reaction. For this reason the Mg-SiO2 has been considered as a reactive substrate in the following trials. Since the SiO2 amount in stoichiometric excess may be regarded as inert phase, it was substituted with a different phase consisting of the matrix contaminated by sulfonic acids. This aspect permitted to ignite a combustive reaction with the minimum possible content of Mg-SiO2 reacting mixture. The chemical analyses performed after the combustive reaction proved the complete removal of the sulfonic acid from the contaminated matrix.

BibTex references

  author       = {Caschili, S. and Delogu, F. and Concas, A. and Pisu, M. and Cao, G.},
  title        = {Mechanically induced self propagating reactions: analysis of reactive substrates and degradation of aromatic sulfonic pollutants},
  journal      = {Chemosphere},
  year         = {2006},
  note         = {In pressurl:   idxproject: Siti ricerca},
  keywords     = {SHS, modeling, experiments},
  url          = {},

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» F. Delogu
» Alessandro Concas
» Massimo Pisu
» Giacomo Cao